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Climate Change in Somalia: Turning Challenges into Opportunities


Climate change poses a great risk to the livelihoods of the Somali people. This is because the Somali natural environment and associated production systems are highly vulnerable to climate change. This policy brief address this problem by: (1) Assessing the key bio-physical constrains faced by the Somali natural environment, (2) Examining development challenges that reduce the adaptive capacity of the natural environment and production systems, (3) Based on 1 and 2, identifying actions that can be taken by government, local communities and development agencies to reduce climate change vulnerability.



Drought recurrence is a persistent phenomenon in Somalia. The latest one has continued for the last three years. Although the subdued Gu rains that fell between April and May provided some temporary relive, the depressed nature of this critical precipitation means the country is still experiencing the pangs of the drought to a great extent. At least for the herding community rainfall does not mark the end of drought. Rainfall failure is traditionally viewed as primary cause of a drought shock. Furthermore, overexploitation of natural resources leading to their degradation especially the vegetation cover (trees, grass etc) is a major contributor to drought conditions. The environmental degradation is basically characterized by depleting the natural resources and environmental pollution. These basic problems are themselves driven by population growth, rising urbanization, overgrazing, deforestation, soil erosion and climate change.



Thursday, 09 November 2017 07:38

Study Report: Somali Female Police Officers


This study was carried out between September and November 2016 in close consultation with Somali police forces (Somali Police Force, Puntland Police Force and Somaliland Police Force), and addressed research questions that relate to female police officers. It covered demographics, strategic targets and initiatives, literacy levels and training, roles and functions, obstacles and perceptions, facilities, and sta development policies.

Data was collected from 9 locations across the country, including Mogadishu, Kismayo, Baidoa, Borama, Hargeisa, Burao, Garowe, Bosaaso and Qardho through a public survey, a focus group discussion and key informant interviews. The public survey of the Somali police force was carried out at both federal and state levels using elaborate questionnaires administered to 360 participants. 51 key informants drawn from the police force, civil society, community leaders and government informed this study, and nine focus group discussions were organized at the nine locations, which brought together 161 participants to discuss various issues relating to female police officers in Somalia.

The study analysis was organized along seven result areas: (i) Baseline information, (ii) Strategic and operational niches for deployment of female police o cers across Somalia, (iii) Strategic approaches to gender-responsive human resource policies in police forces, (iv) Areas of support and the training needs for female o cers, (v) Challenges and obstacles to female o cers performing their functions, (vi) Development of security plans and operations to prevent and respond to SGBV, and (vii) Women’s participation and representation in the justice and security sector. 



  The Gulf Crisis: Why Somalia should take a Critical Distance


To better understand the position the Somali government should take regarding the Gulf crisis, the Somalia Institute for Development and Research Analysis (SIDRA) carried out a policy briefing study in five of the major cities of Somalia (Mogadishu, Kismayo, Baidoa, Garowe and Adado). The study collected data through public surveys and key informant Interviews. For the public interview, 166 respondents were engaged in each city and a total of 830 respondents completed the study questionnaire. 50 key informant interviews were conducted in the five cities. 


Saturday, 28 October 2017 11:38


Somali Institute of Development Research Analysis (SIDRA) offers customized training programs for individuals, public and private institutes. These include:

Research Writing and Publication Training

In partnership with AuthorAid, International Network for the Availability of Scientific Publications (INASP) and Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, SIDRA conducted a series of training. These training were provided to university lecturers, staff and students.

The objectives of these training are to build research knowledge and skills for Higher Education industries in Puntland.

SME Skills Development Program

SIDRA in partnership with International Finance Corporation (IFC) of The World bank Group is the licensed institute to deliver the, A world-class training system, Business Edge strengthens the management skills of owners, managers and staff of small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs)

 The key components of Business Edge™:  Training delivered by Certified Business Edge trainer. Training that impacts measurement system.

Quality control by IFC of training being provided by SIDRA and A global knowledge network. Courses include the following:

  • Human Resource management
  • Finance & Accounting
  • General & Operations Management
  • Marketing Management
  • Personal Productivity Skills
  • Tourism & Hotel Management
  • Governance
Saturday, 28 October 2017 08:43



S/N Partners Purpose
1. UN-ILO Advisory and Capacity Building Support Services on Local Economic / Enterprises Development. Support local economic development (LED) capacity building within local government through the provision of demand-driven LED research, dialogue, training and mentoring services in Puntland.


  1. Gender Equality and Women’s empowerment (GEWE) Program Research on Women’s Political Participation in Puntland. The purpose of this consultancy is to conduct a study on women’s political participation in Puntland.
  1. 2-week Training Course on Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation for 15 government officials in Puntland. Aim is to strengthen the capacity of 15 government officials in the areas of climate change, adaptation and mitigation.
  2. Conduct an in-depth study on SDGs localization in Puntland/Somalia
 3.  Puntland Ministry of Environment

 Promote Public Awareness and Civic Education on Environment and Natural Resources Management. To create awareness about environment degradation, protection and management in Puntland.

 4.  Open University Amsterdam

 Conduct a series Trainings on research writing and publications as Capacity building for university lecturers and students in Puntland.

 5.  European Union

 Conduct a Research study on Gender Analysis in Somalia


 Conduct Research study on Female Police Officers in Somalia

 7.  INASP

   1. Conduct Annual Gender in Higher Education conference in Puntland 

   2. Conduct a series of research writing workshops for university participants.

 8.  Anthrologica

 Transcribe and translate data gathered from towns and villages in Jariban (Semade, Belisbusle, Jariban and Labilamaane) for a social and cultural analysis of polio high-risk populations and other groups of interest Phase 3

 9.  Kaalo/Fawesom/GECPD Consortium


Conduct a research study on women in value chains and business opportunities
 10.  UNSOM

 Conduct A study on the role of Somali women in peace building, conflict prevention and conflict resolution in Somalia

 11.  Rift Valley Institute

 Evaluate/Audit the role of Gender on the UN Joint Program on Local Governance

 12.  IPE Global

 Conduct Gender Training for UN-JPLG senior management

 13.  International Finance Corporation(IFC)/ World Bank Group

 Deliver Business Edge Training for SMEs in Somalia

 14.  PWWA

 Conduct Financial Management Training for staff and management


 Conduct Financial Management Training for staff and management

 16.  Puntland State University (PSU)

 Collaborate in the advancement and development of research and publication in Somalia

 17.  East Africa University (EAU)

 Collaborate in the advancement and development of research and publication in Somalia

 18.  Maakhir University

 Collaborate in the advancement and development of research and publication in Somalia

 19.  University of Southern Somalia (USS)

 Collaborate in the advancement and development of research and publication in Somalia

Tuesday, 12 January 2016 10:17

Democracy in Puntland: The People's Choice


Democracy in Puntland: The People's Choice



The “Democracy in Puntland: the People's Choice” Policy Brief is the result of a research study which was initiated last year and conducted in 4 locations in Puntland: Bossaso, Badhan, Garowe and Galkayo and aimed at understanding what the public opinion is about the resumption of democratization process in Puntland. 


Somalia 2016 Elections: Contesting the Boundaries of Democracy



This Policy Brief is based on the results of a study addressing;(a) People’s perception towards “Vision 2016”, (b) The alternatives menu of options available to the original direct election “one-man one -vote” plan, and (c) The possibility of holding elections in 2016.



Announcement: Training Course on "Climate Change and Adaptation"



 The Somali Institute for Development and Research Analysis (SIDRA) is delighted to invite you to attend our upcoming 2 weeks Training Course on “Climate Change and Adaptation” to be held in Garowe on 6th to 17th of December 2015.  

Why choose SIDRA? We provide trainings with a capacity-building goal; so as to ensure that our trainings will  contribute to a sustainable change. 


This 2 weeks training course is aimed at providing an overview of Climate Change Science , Climate Change Scenario, Responses to Climate Change and Justice, and Basic Terminology. This course will provide participants the Adaptation to Climate Change, Link between Adaptation & Development, Methods and Tools for Assessment. Through exercises and group work, participants will also learn the Impacts, Vulnerability and Linkage between climate change and disaster. Time will be allotted for practical exercises and informal question and answer sessions around climate change and adaptation. Participants will also be provided with additional Resources for further study and research in the climate change and adaptation. 


2 weeks

Learning Objectives

Participants will gain confidence to apply the acquired skills and knowledge to their climate change and adaptation work

Participants will be able to share and learn from other country experiences on the climate change and adaptation

Participants will have an improved understanding of Climate Change Science , Climate Change Scenario, Responses to Climate Change and Justice, and Basic Terminology

Participants will also learn how to see development interventions through a climate lens and integrate adaptation in the planning process

Who should attend?

Generally, the course target groups are:

        Technical Staff in the Government Institutions at all levels (e.g Environment, Agriculture, Water and NRM Sectors and Planning)

        Representatives of NGOs and civil society; and

        National and International development cooperation employees in climate-relevant fields of work

Topics to be covered

1. Chapter One: Basic Climate Change Science: Global Warming, Greenhouse Gases and Consequences:
  • What is weather and climate change,
  • What is climate change,
  • What is global warming,
  • Sources of greenhouse gases,
  • Consequences of GHG concentration in the atmosphere (mainly temperature change)
2. Chapter Two: Climate Change Scenario:
  • Changes in temperature ( changes in land Surface Temperature, changes in Sea Surface Temperature)
  • Variation in Rainful and
  • Ice melting and Sea level Rise

PUNTLANDI.COM: Madaxweyne ku xigeenka dowladda Puntland oo furay machadka cilmi baarista iyo horumarimta ee SIDRA.



Madaxweyne ku xigeenka dowladda Puntland Eng. Cabdixakiin Cabdullahi Cumar Camey ayaa maanta oo axad ah daahfuray machadka cilmi baarista iyo horumarinta Soomaaliya ee SIRDA.


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